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The Dilemma with Cannabis Treatment for Autism

relapsing, Marijuana keep alcoholics finds help | addicts, might study The Kansas compound from drug



  • relapsing, Marijuana keep alcoholics finds help | addicts, might study The Kansas compound from drug
  • Current Issues - Marijuana
  • Long Term Effects of Alcohol Abuse
  • Marijuana compound might help keep drug addicts, alcoholics from help drug addicts and alcoholics from relapsing for months, a new study. Then there are the damaging effects of alcohol abuse outside the body. To compound matters, researchers and treatment professionals have to help prevent a return (or relapse) to drinking once drinking has stopped; . Neighborhood Affects Drinking Habits of Men But Not Women, Study Finds Marijuana · Heroin. Data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Sex Differences in Stress Reactivity and Relapse to Substance Abuse . a GABAergic drug, may help reduce cocaine use among women, in particular. However, marijuana use may be related to the menstrual cycle for women who Compound.

    relapsing, Marijuana keep alcoholics finds help | addicts, might study The Kansas compound from drug

    A potent opiate behind surging drug overdose deaths is now being found in marijuana. Steve Birr, Daily Caller. The potent opiate behind surging drug overdose deaths across the U.

    Hamilton County Coroner Dr. Lakshmi Sammarco confirmed Monday that fentanyl, a synthetic opiate roughly 30 to 50 times more powerful than heroin, has been found in marijuana. The deadly chemical is often cut into heroin supplies to increase the potency and even put into knock-off painkillers. Sammarco did not specify how many cases she has seen involving fentanyl-laced marijuana and the Hamilton County Corners Office has not reported any deaths linked to the combination.

    The study also reports effects of marijuana use on cognitive development and shows that the link between marijuana use and psychotic-like experiences is best explained by emerging symptoms of depression.

    This is a major public-health concern for Canada. Reuters August 6, Reuters - Pollution from illegal marijuana farms deep in California's national forests is far worse than previously thought, and has turned thousands of acres into waste dumps so toxic that simply touching plants has landed law enforcement officers in the hospital. The volume of banned or restricted pesticides and illegally applied fertilizers in the woods dwarfs estimates by the U.

    Forest Service in , when a top enforcement official testified that the pollution was threatening forest land in California and other states. California accounts for more than 90 percent of illegal U. The state is still developing a licensing system for growers even though legal retail sales of the drug will begin next year, and medical use has been allowed for decades.

    Ecologist Mourad Gabriel, who documents the issue for the Forest Service as well as other state, local and federal law enforcement agencies, estimates California's forests hold 41 times more solid fertilizers and 80 times more liquid pesticides than Forest Service investigators found in Legalizing recreational marijuana use in Colorado, Oregon and Washington has resulted in collision claim frequencies that are about 3 percent higher overall than would have been expected without legalization, a new Highway Loss Data Institute HLDI analysis shows.

    This is HLDI's first look at how the legalization of marijuana since has affected crashes reported to insurers. More drivers admit to using marijuana, and it is showing up more frequently among people involved in crashes. Though there is evidence from simulator and on-road studies that marijuana can degrade some aspects of driving performance, researchers haven't been able to definitively connect marijuana use with more frequent real-world crashes. Some studies have found that using the drug could more than double crash risk, while others, including a large-scale federal case-control study, have failed to find a link between marijuana use and crashes see "More drivers use marijuana, but link to crashes is murky," May 12, Studies on the effects of legalizing marijuana for medical use also have been inconclusive.

    Colorado and Washington were the first to legalize recreational marijuana for adults 21 and older with voter approval in November Retail sales began in January in Colorado and in July in Washington. Oregon voters approved legalized recreational marijuana in November , and sales started in October HLDI conducted a combined analysis using neighboring states as additional controls to examine the collision claims experience of Colorado, Oregon and Washington before and after law changes.

    During the study period, Nevada and Montana permitted medical use of marijuana, Wyoming and Utah allowed only limited use for medical purposes, and Idaho didn't permit any use. Oregon and Washington authorized medical marijuana use in , and Colorado authorized it in HLDI also looked at loss results for each state individually compared with loss results for adjacent states without legalized recreational marijuana use prior to November Data spanned collision claims filed between January and October for to model vehicles.

    Analysts controlled for differences in the rated driver population, insured vehicle fleet, the mix of urban versus rural exposure, unemployment, weather and seasonality. Collision claims are the most frequent kind of claims insurers receive. Collision coverage insures against physical damage to a driver's vehicle in a crash with an object or other vehicle, generally when the driver is at fault.

    Collision claim frequency is the number of collision claims divided by the number of insured vehicle years one vehicle insured for one year or two vehicles insured for six months each. Click here for a pdf copy of the report. Rather, the problem is that too many applicants — nearly half, in some cases — fail a drug test.

    The fallout is not limited to the workers or their immediate families. Sherwin, chief executive of the year-old manufacturer. Those findings come from a new study led by researchers from the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Pitt Department of Psychology published today in the journal Addiction.

    Click here to read the rest of the study. Now Comes the Federal No. But the growing industry is facing a federal crackdown under Attorney General Jeff Sessions, who has compared cannabis to heroin. He dismissed the idea of recreational drug use.

    That is self-destructive behavior and escapism. About-face on Marijuana some towns voted for pot in fall, against in spring https: There's been a lot of pot talk lately on Beacon Hill, as the House and Senate battle back and forth over whether changes should be made and which ones to the law voters approved last fall legalizing recreational marijuana.

    But there has also been a lot of chatter at the local level, where communities concerned about the arrival of pot have been moving to bar marijuana retailers from operating within their borders.

    So far, nearly 30 communities have voted to prohibit retail pot establishments, some permanently and some temporarily. Most of those communities were consistent, voting against legalizing marijuana last fall and voting to keep out pot establishments this spring.

    But six communities did something very interesting — they voted for the pot referendum last fall and then voted to bar pot establishments this year. The seemingly contradictory votes suggest one of two things. The Marijuana Policy Project MPP lobbies to eliminate punishments for marijuana use but is not involved in growing or distributing the drug — an important distinction for federally regulated banks and other institutions that do business with such advocacy groups.

    Sooner or later, marijuana legalization proponents will have to take responsibility for grossly misleading the public about the health harms of pot. To persuade people to legalize, they have to perpetuate the myth that marijuana is harmless. Denying harm is a tactic used by tobacco companies for 50 years to keep people smoking—and buying—cigarettes.

    Marijuana is currently a growing risk to the public in the United States. Click here for the full report from the Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy. The common element in all these suicides or self-inflicted deaths was marijuana. Marijuana was the factor, not alcohol or other drugs……in all cases. Four of these victims — Warsame, Thamba, Juarez, Clark — had experienced pot-induced psychosis during the period leading to their deaths.

    Juarez was an outstanding soccer player who got very high with a friend the night he stabbed himself 20 times. The suicide report showed he had Toxicologists tested him for methamphetamine and other substances, but the results turned out to be negative. Although the death occurred in , CBS News obtained the police report in and made it public at that time.

    Suicidal thoughts can come on very quickly while under the influence in individuals who were not previously suicidal. The suddenness of suicidal ideation means that intervention may be impossible. Unable to find his keys, Dohse climbed up the apartment building and fell. The toxicology report As his sister told CBS, she believes marijuana impairment led her brother to make poor decisions the night of his death. Medical cannabis company PharmaCann cashed in recently on one of its cultivation facilities, and in the capital-strapped word of medical marijuana, it likely won't be the last to turn to its real estate for funds.

    The Illinois-based company sold its cultivation facility in Hamptonburgh, N. Sale and lease-back deals have long been a way for companies to access capital. Sears Holdings, for example, has used the strategy in recent years as it struggles to stay afloat amid changing consumer demands. But it's a financing method still new to the burgeoning medical cannabis space. In the slow-growing industry capped by state regulations and avoided by most banks, access to capital doesn't come around often.

    The sale and lease-back option could make sense for other Illinois cannabis companies as well. PharmaCann had poured millions of dollars into its New York facility, buying the property, constructing the building and recruiting talent from the pharmaceutical industry. It was looking for ways to liquidate the cash it had tied up there, Unruh said. They asked the company to stop using the name Girl Scout Cookies for this product.

    As a result the Magnolia Oakland dispensary pulled this product of their shelves right away. Kudos to the Girl Scouts for fighting back. We were recently made aware of local dispensaries using the Girl Scouts trademarked name, or a variation of our trademarked name, to sell their products. In January, dispensaries in California were issued a cease and desist letter from Girl Scouts of the USA for trademark infringement and have removed the product in violation from their shelves.

    Our famous cookies are known the world over for their delicious flavor and we do not want the public to be confused by unauthorized products in the marketplace. Cannabis boosts risk of stroke and heart attack, independent of tobacco, new study finds By Henry Bodkin. Cannabis itself is harmful to cardiovascular health and increases the chance of early death regardless of related factors such as smoking tobacco, new research reveals.

    Data taken from more than 1, US hospitals found that people who used the drug had a 26 per cent higher chance of suffering a stroke than those who did not, and a 10 per cent higher chance of having a heart attack.

    The findings held true after taking into account unhealthy factors known to affect many cannabis smokers, such as obesity, alcohol misuse and smoking. They indicate there is something intrinsic about cannabis which can damage the proper functioning of the human heart.

    Last month, state Rep. A bill is also pending in the Senate. Kilmartin sought to debunk a common argument, that allowing regulated marijuana into retail stores would shrink or eliminate the black market for the drug. Patrick Kennedy is a former U. The comments drew quick rebuke from elected officials in several states that have begun experimenting with pot legalization.

    But we should also recognize legalization for what it is: Many marijuana advocates have one goal in mind: What we need, therefore, is a federal enforcement strategy that not only promotes human rights and social justice, but also actively targets and deters the special interests driving Big Marijuana.

    Newswise — Four states legalized recreational marijuana in November, nearly doubling the number of states where recreational pot is legal. As more states consider joining them, a range of arguments for and against legalization is swirling around the national conversation. But which of these arguments resonate most strongly with Americans? More than 60 percent of people surveyed in the study said they supported legalization because they agreed with arguments saying it would increase tax revenues, create a profitable new industry, reduce prison crowding and lower the cost of law enforcement.

    In contrast, fewer people in the study agreed with anti-legalization arguments emphasizing the damage the policy would have on public health. Marijuana legalization could complicate Maine National Guard recruiting March 7, The head of the Maine National Guard is worried that marijuana legalization could render more people ineligible for service even as a new tuition assistance program is helping recruit and retain members.

    So now we have legalized marijuana just to complicate those choices. Marijuana use complicates enlisting in the military, can affect the ability to get security clearances and cannot be used by military members. Medical marijuana carries infectious bacteria and fungi that can pose a life-threatening risk to cancer patients who use pot to help with side effects of chemotherapy, a new study suggests.

    The study was initially prompted by the death of a man using medical marijuana to combat the side effects of cancer treatment. His death was believed to be caused by a fungus from his marijuana, his doctor said. Study researchers tested 20 different samples of dried marijuana obtained from Northern California dispensaries and found several potentially dangerous pathogens in the samples. The germs found by the researchers wouldn't harm an average pot user, but could be potentially fatal to people whose immune systems have been suppressed, said lead researcher Dr.

    Immune-suppressed patients — people who have undergone chemotherapy, for example, or those with a disease that attacks the immune system — are warned to avoid many things that could carry potentially harmful bacteria or fungi, Thompson said. When Hamza Warsame fell six floors to his death in December, , the social media was abuzz with suggestions of a hate crime against the Muslim teen.

    However, the news came out that Warsame had smoked marijuana for the first time and had a psychotic reaction. But Washington is a marijuana state, and his year-old classmate had bought it legitimately at a dispensary. There should be similar warnings for marijuana. At least two young men, Luke Goodman, 23, and Levy Thamba, 19, killed themselves in Colorado after eating marijuana edibles which made them psychotic.

    In Colorado, edibles first went on sale for recreational purposes beginning in January, A mother also wrote a New York Times column about that marijuana chocolate bar that put her son on suicide watch.

    High potency pot has been the norm in Colorado since the early s. Psychosis and hallucinations occur quite frequently. These teens became psychotic and killed themselves — before Coloradans voted to legalize recreational marijuana.

    Tron Dohse was a young adult featured in the same evening news report that reported about Clark and Juarez. He overdosed on marijuana and fell to his death while trying to climb a building. More recently, there were the marijuana-related suicides Marc Bullard and Rashaan Salaam in Colorado.

    Salaam was 41, a former Heisman Trophy winner. He had a promising football career until , when he lost his energy and began spending time smoking pot.

    He never got his life back and when he died there was 55 ng. Like Salaam, Marc Bullard was living in Colorado at the time of his death. The Texas native had been a high school valedictorian, a successful college student and had landed a dream job. However, he had moved to Colorado and was doing dabs. In his journal, he recorded the downward spiral of depression and his inability to stop doing marijuana dabs.

    A landmark study published in the Lancet Psychiatry Journal, September, , tracked teenage marijuana use in Australia and New Zealand.

    The subjects were tested for a variety of outcomes by age The evidence showed that consistent early use below age 18 is connected to 7x the risk of attempted suicide before age Not all suicide attempts are successful. But it is shocking and traumatizes a family when someone attempts suicide. New evidence suggests they do. Overall, an autism diagnosis doubles the risk of addiction, the researchers found. Elevated risk is concentrated among those with an IQ of or above.

    But across the spectrum, ADHD is a great multiplier of risk: Among those with autism and intellectual disability, having ADHD increases the risk of addiction fourfold; among those with an IQ in the typical range or above, ADHD increases the risk eightfold.

    Parents and siblings of people with autism also have a higher risk of addiction, suggesting a genetic link. On February 2, , Psychiatrist. Why do some people have a predisposition for psychosis and schizophrenia from marijuana use? Another case study of a young man with bipolar had no family history for mental illness. His diagnosis of bipolar disorder seems uniquely connected to the marijuana use.

    These cases are familiar to families involved with Parents Opposed to Pot. Other variables include age of starting to use pot, frequency of use and the strength of the marijuana. And there are many additional genetic factors, yet to be isolated, that clearly contribute to susceptibility in others.

    NORML has always known of this link to schizophrenia. Drug Policy Action dismisses at current science with an evasive explanation on their website. A comprehensive study from Finland suggests the risk with marijuana for a chronic schizophrenia spectrum disorder from marijuana use is far greater than with any other drug.

    The best option for avoiding a mental health disorder related to marijuana is complete avoidance of marijuana. One Washington hospital announced last April that it has new psychosis patients every day.

    Legal, regulated markets increase rather than decrease the risk. In January, the National Academy of Sciences released a comprehensive review of multiple studies on marijuana. The report is available here. Why is there no compassion for the families whose children began a descent into mental illness that began with marijuana? There is tremendous compassion for those children with seizures who try cannabidiol CBD.

    For example, Alexis, an year-old girl who speaks on behalf of an extract she uses to treat seizures, is a superstar. It is heart-warming to know that she has been helped. Alexis has a wonderful heart and is charming. More recently she has been working with a group that insists the inclusion of THC for seizure medication.

    Some have told their stories on blogs such as MomsStrong. Some of the children who initially get help from CBD have bad luck later. In , the province of Alberta relented in letting her little girl use the CBD instead of the prescribed pharmaceutical drugs.

    While pharmaceutical medicines made her dull and lifeless, her family discovered that CBD made her lively and fun. The online petition to pay for funeral expenses did not explain how she died. The fact that CBD treatments for seizures sometimes backfire is a message that needs to get out to the public. For the subset who goes into marijuana psychosis, marijuana can be lethal. The extract she takes is suspended in olive oil.

    Today, most marijuana sold in dispensaries and in the black market is just the opposite. THC, which produces the high in marijuana, is manipulated to produce the high potency pot of today. This neglect has damaged many minds, minds of young people who had previously functioned at a very high level.

    The potent marijuana of today frequently triggers episodes of psychosis, and which can lead to permanent mental illness. Doctors in New York report episodes of young people who suffered from psychosis after using marijuana just once or twice.

    A landmark study on low-THC marijuana from Sweden determined a person could use 50 times before they were at risk for psychosis. With most high-THC marijuana of today, the risk is higher. Oz, to expose the truth about THC. This is why it essential that the public stop confusing CBD with marijuana. It is also important that people know that not every type of epilepsy is helped by CBD. They also explain the difference between cannabidiol and whole marijuana.

    We caution that any THC in a minor could be brain damaging. The public has a right to know that some children have died after the parents believed it was a miracle drug.

    Gupta should also review the National Academy of Sciences Report on the health effects of cannabis and cannabinoids released in January. The only studies that have been published on the use or efficacy of medicinal marijuana in children and adolescents have been limited to its use in the treatment of refractory seizures.

    The adverse effects of marijuana have been well documented. Numerous published studies have shown the potential negative consequences of short- and long-term use of recreational marijuana in adolescents.

    Alterations in motor control, coordination, judgment, reaction time, and tracking ability have also been documented. These effects may contribute to unintentional deaths and injuries among adolescents, especially those who drive after using marijuana. Negative health effects on lung function associated with smoking marijuana also have been documented9; in addition, longitudinal studies linking marijuana use with higher rates of mental health disorders, such as depression and psychosis, recently have been published, raising concerns about longer-term psychiatric effects.

    The adolescent brain, particularly the prefrontal cortex areas that control judgment and decision-making, is not fully developed until the early 20s, raising questions about how any substance use may affect the developing brain. Police ask a driver to stand on one leg, walk a straight line and recite the alphabet. If the driver fails, the officer will testify in court to help make a case for driving under the influence. But defense lawyers argue, science has yet to prove that flunking the standard field sobriety test actually means that a person is high, the way it's been proven to measure drunkenness.

    So, as attorney Rebecca Jacobstein argued to the Massachusetts high court, the tests shouldn't be allowed in evidence. Prosecutors like attorney Michelle King don't agree.

    They argue that rapidly advancing science does prove field tests' reliability. What makes the stakes so high here, is that police have few alternatives; they do not yet have reliable roadside toxicology tests that can say for sure if someone's too high to drive in the way a breathalyzer or blood test can show if someone's too drunk. Margaret Haney, a professor of neurobiology at the Columbia University Medical Center says testing a person for alcohol intoxication is a breeze in comparison to testing a person to determine if they are high.

    As she explains, marijuana is fat soluble, so traces of its main ingredient tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, can show up in blood long after a person has sobered up. It used to be that police could always fall back on arresting a driver for possession, but now that marijuana is legal in many states, including Massachusetts, officers worry they'll be faced with more stoned drivers and fewer ways to stop them.

    Volkow told Reuters Health by email. Volkow and associates from NIDA in Bethesda, Maryland cite studies that show a greater risk of anemia and lower birth weights, and a higher risk of neonatal intensive care unit admission for infants, when women use marijuana during pregnancy.

    These children are also more likely to have developmental problems later on. Despite these risks, marijuana use by pregnant women appears to be rising.

    According to a related report, the proportion of pregnant women who reported using marijuana during the past month rose from 2. As personal and painful as it is to relate, I write this account hoping that efforts to legalize the use of recreational marijuana will be defeated. My second son, Chris, had an outstanding secondary school career. As the youngest student in a class of students, he was the valedictorian. At spring honors day, he received the American. But he was no nerd.

    He was President of the Student Council and Co-captain of the wrestling team. He had a ton of friends and he loved to backpack, kayak and rock climb.

    My only worry about him was his lack of fear in tackling any physical challenge. On a holiday break in his first year at Stanford, he came home and went out with some of his friends. About a half hour later, he came running back home in a state of absolute panic.

    This fearless kid was terrified and in a state I hardly recognized. He thought the woods were surrounded by FBI agents and that a high school football star was trying to rape him. It turned out that the kids who picked him up were smoking marijuana. With all his accomplishments, he always tried to be one of the boys and smoking weed was what they did. That night was a marker for his steady mental decline which continued even after he ceased using marijuana.

    Within two years, he was exhibiting full-blown schizophrenia. In his first of six hospitalizations, the doctor told us that he had a severe case and we should expect his mental acuity and his social affect to decline. The positive news according to the doctor was that Chris was high functioning enough that the decline could be tolerated.

    The next ten years were not pretty. This thoughtful, intelligent, winsome child became extremely paranoid and sometimes violent. He heard voices continually and his thoughts became completely disordered. Hospitalizations and attempts to medicate him had no effect. At the age of 28, perhaps in a moment of lucidity recognizing what had become of him, he took his life. Although there will never be any proof that marijuana was the cause of his schizophrenia, I believe that the first panic episode I witnessed was a precursor and initiator of his illness.

    This is certainly consistent with the scientific studies which suggest the correlation between early marijuana use and schizophrenia. Proposition would imprint on young people that recreational marijuana use is without risk. No wonder that so many social agencies, medical professionals, state officials and business groups oppose its passage. I am sure that many people smoke marijuana on a limited basis with no apparent ill effects. However, there is ample scientific evidence that marijuana use by teenagers whose brains are in the developmental stage are at risk for psychotic events which may be long term.

    There is also evidence that long-term use by adults can also lead to mental impairment issues. For anyone who is interested, I can share a bibliography of over 60 scientific articles addressing the risks that early marijuana use poses.

    Researchers in France tested 28 cannabis smokers and 24 people who did not use the drug to see how well their retinal cells responded to electrical signals. A small but significant delay was found in the time taken for the signals to be processed by the retina of the marijuana users by comparison with the control group. This will be the next marijuana capital of the world CNBC http: This year marked a turning point for marijuana, both as a cultural movement and as an industry.

    Polls show a record percentage of Americans now favor legalization, and most of us already live in a state with some form of legal cannabis. California, home to more than a tenth of the U. In , expect the momentum to grow with further mainstreaming of cannabis and the cementing of the industry.

    Los Angeles will emerge as the marijuana capital of the world. The financial industry has Wall Street, the tech industry has Silicon Valley, and the cannabis industry will soon have Los Angeles. No disrespect to Denver, but Los Angeles is about to come out of the shadows and steal the spotlight. Unfortunately, most of that business operates in the shadows today.

    But that is about to change. In early , the city is expected to pass an ordinance that will clear the path for a proper licensing program and pave the way for a robust recreational market.

    Surrounding cities are joining in with programs of their own that will support cultivation, production and lab facilities. Investors have taken notice too, and capital is flowing to fund local ventures. Meanwhile, California's state treasurer recently launched a working group to address the cannabis industry's banking challenges. Expect to hear big news out of Los Angeles in This means CBD and all other extracts derived from the cannabis plant psychoactive or not will come under Schedule 1 drugs, like heroin, LSD, marijuana, and ecstasy, and cannot cross state lines.

    Any person currently licensed to produce and handle marijuana extracts is required to apply for a modification of their registration by Jan.

    Massachusetts on Thursday became the first state in the densely populated U. Northeast to legalize marijuana for recreational use, a step that advocates say could help spread the drug's acceptance across the United States.

    The state is one of three where ballot measures legalizing recreational use of the drug passed on Nov. The Massachusetts measure legalizing use of the drug by adults 21 and older in private places passed by 54 percent to 46 percent, easily overcoming the opposition of prominent state officials in both parties.

    University of California, San Francisco, news release. Of the teen smokers in San Francisco who took part in the study, 96 percent said they'd used at least two other substances besides cigarettes. In most cases, those other substances were alcohol, marijuana and other tobacco products. However, 16 percent reported the use of harder drugs, such as cocaine, hallucinogens and Ecstasy, or the misuse of prescription medications. Newswise — New York — December 7, —— Children exposed to secondhand marijuana smoke show measurable amounts of the drug in their bodies, a researcher at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has found.

    The study was published in the journal Pediatric Research. Because earlier analytical methods were developed to measure biomarkers of marijuana in primary users of the drug, a new, more sensitive analytic method was developed and used by the U. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC to quantify the trace biomarkers resulting from secondhand marijuana smoke exposure.

    For the study, urine samples were collected from 43 babies between the ages of one month and two years who were hospitalized in Colorado with bronchiolitis, and their parents were asked to complete a survey about marijuana smoking habits.

    This percentage was consistent with the number of parents who self-reported marijuana usage in the survey. The Mount Sinai Health System is an integrated health system committed to providing distinguished care, conducting transformative research, and advancing biomedical education.

    Structured around seven hospital campuses and a single medical school, the Health System has an extensive ambulatory network and a range of inpatient and outpatient services—from community-based facilities to tertiary and quaternary care. The System includes approximately 7, primary and specialty care physicians; 12 joint-venture ambulatory surgery centers; more than ambulatory practices throughout the five boroughs of New York City, Westchester, Long Island, and Florida; and 31 affiliated community health centers.

    Physicians are affiliated with the renowned Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, which is ranked among the highest in the nation in National Institutes of Health funding per investigator. Luke's, and Mount Sinai West are ranked regionally.

    For more information, visit http: Marijuana is the most widely used illegal drug in the US and world. Use of marijuana by American youth has surpassed the use of tobacco, and is on track to overcome the use of alcohol in the next few years.

    The main concern with cannabis legalization should be with how it will negatively affect children, adolescents and young adults. One troubling piece of evidence comes from the national Monitoring the Future study, which shows that perceived harm from using marijuana is decreasing among US youth. Less perceived risk is negatively associated with use. That means the more youth believe that marijuana is harmless, the more likely they are willing to use it. In addition, legalization of recreational marijuana use for adults increases access to cannabis products by underage youth and children by illegal or accidental means.

    All Americans should be concerned about the increasing potential for marijuana harm among youth resulting from the effects of legalizing marijuana use on its availability, acceptability, and myths about its harmfulness. Click here for the 10 key youth marijuana use risks everyone needs know. The ugly truth is that Colorado was suckered.

    It was promised regulation and has been met by an industry that fights tooth and nail any restrictions that limit its profitability. This election year, voters in five states will decide whether to legalize recreational marijuana use. Among them are California with Proposition 64 and Maine with Question 1.

    Any states that do will join the four others where the drug is already legal for recreational use. The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety analyzed cannabis use by drivers in one of those states, Washington, and found that the proportion of drivers involved in fatal crashes who had recently used marijuana more than doubled after Washington legalized the drug for recreational use.

    When Attorney General Loretta Lynch went to Kentucky last week to address the heroin epidemic, a high school student asked if marijuana is a gateway to heroin addiction. Traditionally marijuana, alcohol and tobacco are considered gateways to other drugs. Scientific studies on the drug have shown its ability to damage brain circuitry.

    It numbs the reward system, sending users on a search for a stronger high. Peer influence or personality traits can spiral into the use of drugs beyond marijuana. Here are some reasons why marijuana tempts someone to open the gate and try other drugs.

    It is not part of their agenda to accept or acknowledge these differences. Advertising is a huge challenge for companies in the cannabis industry, with television opportunities extremely rare. Click here to read the rest of the interview. This is not the case. Marijuana is still illegal everywhere under federal law, which prevents the agencies that would traditionally provide oversight from getting involved. Consumers have no way to know for sure what they are actually buying.

    Click here to read the article. The DEA has released a new report showing how Hash labs are becoming the new meth labs. In this new report they outline how Colorado's legalization is not only responsible for these labs existing, but also how the state has no way to enforce them. The Denver office is reporting that Amendment 20 and Amendment 64 are helping to create these hash labs because of the language in regards to personal grow limits. This has led to a proliferation of large-scale marijuana grow operations in hundreds of homes throughout the state.

    They also say that Loopholes in Amendment 20 and 64 have led to unfettered production in private residences throughout the state. Amendment 20 alone allows patients to possess up to six plants unless more are recommended by a Physician. In it wasn't uncommon for a Physician to recommend 75 plants or more, which lead to the license suspension of 4 Doctors this month.

    Amendment 20 was pretty much set up with no regulatory system put into place to track who was growing the marijuana or where it was going, which partnered with the excessive grow amounts, lead to a good portion of this marijuana to be transported out of state for illegal sales.

    Marijuana Use Increases Violent Behavior year study finds causal link between cannabis and subsequent violent behavior Posted Mar 20, Researchers have long debated a possible link between use of marijuana and violent crime.

    In contrast to alcohol, meth, and many other illegal drugs, the mellowing effects of cannabis seem unsuited to promoting violent behavior. However, ample previous research has linked marijuana use to increased violent behavior. The sticky problem in such studies are the many confounding factors involved in interpreting this correlation. It is very difficult to determine whether any statistical correlation between marijuana use and violent behavior are causally linked, or instead the two are associated through some other factor, such as socioeconomic status, personality traits, or many other variables that are related to the propensity to use marijuana.

    Moreover, the causal relation between smoking pot and violent behavior could be in exactly the opposite direction. That is, individuals who are involved in violence or who commit criminal offenses may also be people who are more open to using marijuana.

    After all, marijuana is an illegal substance in most places, so people with antisocial personality traits and those with tendencies toward lawlessness may be the type of individuals inclined to be more open to obtaining and using the illegal substance.

    Not so, conclude neuroscientist Tabea Schoeler at Kings College London, and her colleagues, "Together, the results of the present study provide support for a causal relationship between exposure to cannabis and subsequent violent outcomes across a major part of the lifespan. It was a critical time when state lawmakers were drafting legislation and negotiating the details of what would eventually become Act 16 of , the Medical Marijuana Act.

    Its CEO has said the company is interested in getting into the business in Pennsylvania and has looked at sites in the Lehigh Valley. It didn't show up when the Department of State, which oversees the state's lobbying disclosure system, ran a search of a reporting database for medical marijuana-related activity over the last four quarters at The Morning Call's request.

    That search turned up one lobbying company and three principals that reported lobbying lawmakers on the issue of medical marijuana over the last 12 months. The Morning Call's own look at lobbying by companies connected to the marijuana industry turned up eight additional entities in the first quarter of alone.

    How much has been spent trying to tilt the playing field for a potentially lucrative but also controversial medical marijuana industry that is in its infancy in Pennsylvania? It's impossible to know. In , California became the first state to legalize the use of medical marijuana.

    There are now 25 states that permit the use of marijuana, including four as well as the District of Columbia that permit it for purely recreational use. The effects of these new laws have been immediate. One study, which collected data from and , showed a 22 percent increase in monthly use in Colorado. The percentage of people there who used daily or almost daily also went up.

    So have marijuana-related driving fatalities. And so have incidents of children being hospitalized for accidentally ingesting edible marijuana products. But legalization and our growing cultural acceptance of marijuana have disproportionately affected one group in particular: Low cost, flavors, convenience turn teens on to vaping: Young people try electronic cigarettes out of curiosity about the devices and alluring flavors that range from cotton candy to pizza, but keep vaping because of their low cost, according to a study released on Monday.

    The report published in the medical journal Pediatrics found that some of the reasons prompting teenagers to try the battery-operated devices, which heat liquids typically laced with nicotine to deliver vapor, help to predict ongoing use.

    The most likely draws are the cost, which is much lower than for combustible cigarettes, and ability to vape in places where smoking may be banned, according to the study led by Yale School of Medicine professors.

    Costs can vary widely, depending on the brand and state cigarette taxes, but savings can add up to thousands of dollars a year for the average smoker, according to various vaping industry estimates.

    The ongoing Connecticut-based study was based on surveys in two middle schools and three high schools in the fall of and spring of About of the 2, students surveyed had used e-cigarettes. Cock-Correa is looking to replace vast acres of flowers with marijuana plants, with plans to export the harvest.

    Crucially, the new law also allowed the commercial cultivation, processing and export of medical marijuana products — like oils and creams — although not the flower, the part of the plant normally rolled into a joint.

    The authorities believe the new law will also help attract investment and give the economy a lift, though it will take several years before the returns on the investments become clear. Medical marijuana grows under strict conditions as industry expands Robert McCoppin.

    In a warehouse in Joliet, hundreds of marijuana plants sway under high-intensity lights, taking in carbon dioxide-rich air, sucking up a constant feed of nutrients and bristling with buds. Like Olympic athletes, the plants are rigorously trained and intensively pampered. Tiny predator bugs patrol the surface of the vegetation, hunting down any pests.

    Workers prune stems and leaves to put all the plants' energy into buds that produce the drug's euphoric and medicinal effects. The process churns out pounds of high-grade pot every month. The grow house at Cresco Labs is one of 19 cultivation centers in Illinois authorized by the state to produce medical cannabis.

    The facilities generally had been closed to the media until Wednesday, when reporters were allowed an unprecedented tour of the growing operation.

    The look inside the state's secretive program comes as the struggling medical marijuana industry in Illinois is poised to grow. Last month, for the first time, the state added two new medical conditions — post-traumatic stress disorder and terminal illness — to the list of about 40 that qualify patients to buy the drug.

    To address doctors' concerns that federal law still prohibits the distribution of marijuana, lawmakers also changed the statute to allow physicians to certify patients as having a qualifying medical condition without having to risk their licenses by vouching for the drug's medical benefits.

    And in court, recent rulings are forcing state officials to reconsider adding other new conditions such as migraine headaches and chronic post-operative pain.

    Industry leaders are hopeful that expanded access will translate into more patients and a more sustainable program. Charles Bachtell, founder and CEO of Cresco Labs, said a consultant estimates there will be more than , patients in Illinois, comparable to Colorado's medical cannabis population, by year three of the pilot program that began when the first licensed dispensaries opened in November.

    Nearly a half-century after tobacco ads were kicked off television in the United States, an initiative in California would take a first step toward allowing TV commercials promoting pot to air alongside advertisements for cereal and cleaning products.

    Proposition 64, which is on the November ballot, would allow people age 21 and older to possess and use up to an ounce of marijuana and would allow pot shops to sell cannabis for recreational use. Television ads are not likely to appear soon, even if voters approve the initiative.

    There are other impediments to pot ads hitting the airwaves in California, including the fact that cannabis is still seen by the federal government as an illegal drug. Still, the possibility that television commercials will some day pop up featuring people smoking marijuana has been seized on by opponents of the ballot measure, including Democratic Sen.

    Dianne Feinstein of California. Health officials are also concerned. The American Heart Assn. Marijuana lobby finds welcome vibe at the Democratic National Convention.

    Democratic officials, including Oregon Rep. A day earlier, the Marijuana Policy Project staged a fundraiser to support its work to push new laws around the country legalizing the use of marijuana. The use of marijuana for medical purposes now is legal in 25 states, and it can be sold for recreational purposes in four more: Colorado, Washington, Alaska and Oregon. That was the unexpected message for thousands of budding entrepreneurs who paid to come to Chicago's McCormick Place on Tuesday morning hoping to hear business tips from laid-back British billionaire Sir Richard Branson.

    The year-old Virgin Group founder mixed in some unorthodox parenting advice along with his more conventional business bromides. Branson has made no secret of his occasional marijuana use and has been an advocate for decriminalizing marijuana. In a ruling that could significantly expand the use of medical marijuana in Illinois, a judge has ordered state officials to reconsider adding migraine headaches to the list of conditions that qualify a patient to buy the drug.

    Nirav Shah's denial of a petition to add migraines to that list. The judge ordered Shah to reconsider evidence presented to the Medical Cannabis Advisory Board before its members voted to recommend approval of marijuana to treat migraines. The court ruling came in response to a suit filed by a man whose name was kept secret because he already has been using marijuana to treat his headaches, his attorneys said. Since adolescence, the middle-age man has suffered migraines up to three times a week, lasting from several hours up to three days, attorney Robert Bauerschmidt said.

    Some companies are also having issues with tax code e, which was created for drug traffickers and does not allow for normal business deductions. Whether the audits are civil or criminal is unclear, according to tax attorney James Thorburn of Thorburn Walker LLC, who is representing some of the business owners. One audit letter obtained by Inc. In a paper published in Human Brain Mapping , researchers demonstrated for the first time with functional magnetic resonance imaging that long-term marijuana users had more brain activity in the mesocorticolimbic-reward system when presented with cannabis cues than with natural reward cues.

    Researchers studied 59 adult marijuana users and 70 nonusers, accounting for potential biases such as traumatic brain injury and other drug use. Study participants rated their urge to use marijuana after looking at various visual cannabis cues, such as a pipe, bong, joint or blunt, and self-selected images of preferred fruit, such as a banana, an apple, grapes or an orange.

    Researchers also collected self-reports from study participants to measure problems associated with marijuana use. On average, marijuana participants had used the drug for 12 years.

    When presented with marijuana cues compared to fruit, marijuana users showed enhanced response in the brain regions associated with reward, such as the orbitofrontal cortex, striatum, anterior cingulate gyrus, precuneus and the ventral tegmental area. Click here to access this post online. But, as Fortune reported, an increase in marijuana-related emergency room visits and the persistent black market has dampened some public support for legal pot in Colorado.

    Still, there seems to be no stopping the rising tide of legal pot in the U. As the map below shows, legal cannabis is spreading across the US, whether it be in the medical or recreational form, or both. Already, 25 states have legalized medical marijuana, while four states—Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington—have legalized recreational pot, as has Washington, D. Click here to read the rest of the article and access the map.

    The Richard Tom Foundation honors a bicyclist who was killed by a stoned driver on April 26, , in a double fatal crash. The crash was in Vermont, where legislators finally decided against legalizing pot this year.

    Of course it happens most frequently where marijuana is legalized or where there is medical marijuana. Congressman Earl Blumenauer is a big advocate for bicycling, a healthy activity at odds with the marijuana businesses he supports. Francis Health Services retired. This study aims to assess potential health care costs and adverse health effects related to cannabis use in an acute care community hospital in Colorado, comparing study findings to those medical diagnoses noted in the literature.

    Review diagnoses of cannabis users visiting a local ED and outline the potential financial and health effects of these patients on the health care system.

    An Institutional Review Board IRB approved retrospective observational study of patients seen in the ED from to with cannabis diagnoses and positive urine drug analyses UDA matched with hospital billing records. Randomized patient records were reviewed to determine completeness of documentation and coding related to cannabis use.

    An acute care hospital in one city in Colorado. The city has nearly medical marijuana dispensaries, but has not legalized recreational cannabis use. The city decided to not allow recreational stores in city limits as they were allowed to make that determination as a result of Amendment 64, which allowed municipalities to determine if they wanted recreational marijuana in their town.

    Subjects seen through the ED who had both a diagnosis code listing cannabis and a positive UDA for cannabis. Exclusions were subjects with UDA for cannabis but also tested positive for other substances, subjects who had cannabis diagnosis but no UDA result or those who had no UDA but did have a cannabis diagnosis. Subjects seen in the ED had similar diagnoses as those reviewed in the literature, confirming the serious side effects of marijuana use.

    During the study period, the study hospital incurred a true loss of twenty million dollars in uncollected charges after allowing for contractual obligations. While adverse health effects have been described in the literature, there is little data on the financial impact of marijuana use on the health care system. This study demonstrated an increasing number of patients who are seen in the ED also have used cannabis. These patients are not always able to pay their bills, resulting in a financial loss to the hospital.

    Marijuana continues to rank first among the most used illicit drugs in the United States. Among youth, heavy cannabis use is associated with cognitive problems and increased risk of mental illness. SAMHSA addresses marijuana use among youth with its seven-session cognitive behavioral therapy approach, which offers strategies for teaching coping skills to teen marijuana users.

    Click here to access the seven-session approach. Secondhand pot smoke can give you more than just a contact high The Sacramento Bee. Springer, a professor of medicine at UC San Francisco, had studied the effects of secondhand tobacco smoke on heart and vascular function. But this smoke was marijuana, a fact that McCartney noted from the stage as the performer commented on the familiar herbal-scented San Francisco air, Springer recalled.

    Springer, who spoke April 21 at the UC Center in Sacramento, said the concert haze and aroma inspired a research curiosity: What is the impact of secondhand marijuana smoke on blood vessel function? This week four Senators introduced the the MEDS Act to streamline the process of approving any medicine derived from the cannabis plant. Senator Brian Schatz of Hawaii explains: Senator Thom Tillis of North Carolina said: Currently, researchers who want to conduct research on marijuana must interface with several federal agencies and engage in a complex application process that can take a year or longer must start from scratch if they make any changes to their research proposal;.

    Patients are adding up in Pennsylvania! Find out at http: Article via auhempgazette http: Remember patients, keep this in mind while traveling this holiday season! MedicalMarijuana helps many people feel better, like in this case for anxiety and pain by Riley Cote. Article by Dan Robson http: Do you have a qualifying condition for medicalmarijuana and medicalcannabis treatment? Visit one of our qualified physicians to find out https: Visit us today to see if you qualify to be a MedicalCannabis patient in Florida.

    Repost from Marijuana Business Daily https: Do you qualify for medical cannbis treatments? Schedule a consultation today https: Marijuana compound might help keep drug addicts, alcoholics from relapsing, study finds. A week-long treatment of CBD oil, a marijuana compound, helped keep rats addicted to cocaine and alcohol from consuming their substance of choice for up to five months, according to a study published in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology.

    Marijuana causes less brain damage than alcohol, CU study finds. A new study from researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder found that alcohol is much more damaging to your brain than marijuana. Florida medical marijuana registry keeps growing, blazes past 70, Yet another study suggests that cannabis could be useful as an exit drug from traditional medications, including opioids. We all know that transporting cannabis across state lines is a federal offense, but what are the real risks, especially if you're traveling between two legal states?

    Medical marijuana has no health risks: The World Health Organization WHO has officially given the tick of approval to cannabidiol, a relaxing compound in medical marijuana, ruling it is not a dangerous drug.

    Current Issues - Marijuana

    Epidemiological studies find that psychiatric disorders, including mental between social anxiety disorder and cannabis use disorder (Kessler et al.). .. finds that treatment effects for chronic, relapsing diseases such as addiction degrade over time. .. HOW SOCIAL WORKERS CAN HELP PREVENT RELAPSE FOR. I don't have the money for this but, of course, if I have to save his life I'll mortgage What do we do if we discover our children are smoking marijuana, or worse? And now the “disease” label is applied not only to alcoholism, drug addiction, It doesn't help most people (and even those it does help might succeed just as. I arrived at the study of addictive behaviors by an unusual route. . those reported by the Rand investigators could lead alcoholics to relapse and to death. .. Yet treatment for substance abuse (or chemical dependence) has become more Thus we refuse either to support nonproblematic substance use or to help people.

    Long Term Effects of Alcohol Abuse



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    I don't have the money for this but, of course, if I have to save his life I'll mortgage What do we do if we discover our children are smoking marijuana, or worse? And now the “disease” label is applied not only to alcoholism, drug addiction, It doesn't help most people (and even those it does help might succeed just as.


    I arrived at the study of addictive behaviors by an unusual route. . those reported by the Rand investigators could lead alcoholics to relapse and to death. .. Yet treatment for substance abuse (or chemical dependence) has become more Thus we refuse either to support nonproblematic substance use or to help people.


    How Do I Help a Recovering Addict or Alcoholic? According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, relapse rates while in Knowing some of the red flags can help you avoid this. Having a support group of others in recovery is vital. Other forms of therapy to explore that are available at many.


    westernkentuckyvsfloridaintllive.us Marijuana compound might help keep drug addicts, alcoholics from relapsing, study finds. A week-long treatment of CBD oil, a marijuana.


    Discover the effects of marijuana detox and how to get help for withdrawal. than most other drugs because the main chemical that produces marijuana's Professional detox can also help to keep patients from relapsing during this critical time. Treating withdrawal symptoms could help cannabis users quit, study finds.


    Learn the facts on alcohol abuse and treatment for alcoholism. Placing a spotlight on the damaging effects of alcohol consumption helps bring Alcohol is an organic compound, produced in various ways from the fermentation of sugars. .. While some studies do support that moderate drinking can be beneficial in some.

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