Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical compound in marijuana with a variety of uses . Here are 7 benefits of CBD oil. Cannabidiol comes from the cannabis plant, and has a wealth of health benefits. As more and more states legalize the use of marijuana, a product known as CBD oil has surged in popularity. A chemical compound found in the cannabis plant.
Oil Uses CBD Benefits and
Some mild to moderate side effects have been observed in humans taking CBD oil. Reported side effects include: Amid the CBD oil industry boom, an ever-expanding variety of cannabidiol products are joining the marketplace. Different CBD oil products can be taken in a variety of different ways, including topical application, oral ingestion, sublingual administration, and inhalation.
The best method for taking CBD oil may depend on your unique health goals and personal preferences. CBD oil topical products may include lotions, ointments, salves, balms, patches and bath and body care products. These types of products are rubbed in to the skin so they interact only with the uppermost layer of cells without entering the bloodstream. Topical CBD products are primarily designed to provide relief from pain, stiffness, and inflammation. By massaging CBD products onto sore muscles, joints, and damaged skin, you can focus the CBD oil effects on target areas instead of distributing the cannabinoids throughout your body via your bloodstream.
Oral ingestion is currently the most popular method for taking cannabidiol. There is currently a huge market for CBD oil edibles, ranging from candy to baked goods to drinks. You can also find CBD oil capsules and high-concentrate tinctures. CBD oil tinctures can be consumed directly by dropping the dose into your mouth or mixing them into foods and beverages. When you take CBD oil orally, it passes through your digestive system and metabolizes in your liver before entering your bloodstream — just as a vitamin or supplement would.
Compared to other methods, taking CBD oil orally may take longer to kick in and last for an extended period of time. Oral ingestion of CBD oil is recommended for those seeking relief from anxiety, stress, and insomnia, and for those hoping to promote restful sleep. In addition to being taken orally, CBD tinctures can be taken sublingually. Instead of mixing the oil into food or dropping it into your mouth, you can take a CBD tincture sublingually by dropping the oil beneath your tongue. Administering CBD oil sublingually is a quicker way to activate its effects.
When taken sublingually, CBD oil is absorbed through the blood vessels beneath the tongue, bypassing the digestive system and transferring directly to the bloodstream.
While oral ingestion of CBD oil can take up to 30 minutes to two hours to take full effect, sublingual administration of CBD oil can provide relief in as little as five to 20 minutes. Sublingual CBD may be ideal for pain, migraines, and acute stress. The final option for taking cannabidiol, vaporized consumption, involves CBD vape oils. With vaporized consumption, you typically use a vape pen or vaporizer device to inhale CBD vape oil directly into your lungs.
When you vape CBD oil, you send the cannabidiol directly to your lungs where it is distributed through your bloodstream. This fast-absorbing , potent method is often preferred by those experiencing panic attacks or in need of powerful, instant pain relief. CBD oils are available in health food stores, pet shops, and online for delivery to destinations across the U.
However, the laws surrounding CBD usage in the U. Industrial hemp is defined as a part of the cannabis plant containing less than 0. Effectively, the bill legalized CBD oil derived from industrial hemp on a national scale. Note that CBD oil derived from marijuana plants is still illegal under federal law. On a local level, however, laws surrounding hemp — and marijuana-based CBD oil — may vary from state to state. Meanwhile, a total of 31 states, plus the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico, have legalized marijuana and cannabis for public medical use.
Beyond those states, there are 15 states that restrict access to CBD products derived from industrial hemp with less than 0. Currently, there are four states where lack of legal concessions regarding CBD and low-THC products make legality unclear: Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota.
Cannabis oil can also contain higher amounts of THC, which could be problematic for those not looking for the psychoactive effects of cannabis oil. Cannabis sales have been illegal since the Controlled Substances Act was passed, with the only exceptions being the products made from the "mature stalk" and "sterilized seed" of the hemp plant, which could still be sold since they contained little to no psychoactive components.
Even today, federal law has not changed its stance on cannabis. On the state level, however, things have changed dramatically. As of this writing, there are 30 states that have legalized the sale of cannabis in some form, whether that be medicinally or recreationally. Because federal law continues to outlaw the production and sales of cannabis aside from the CBD oil and hemp seed oil from hemp plants, it is illegal for states that have legalized cannabis to sell products across state borders.
As detailed previously, hemp oil in the United States refers to the oil extracted from the stalk of the hemp plant. The extraction process involves using a solvent to extract the oil from the hemp stalk. There are numerous solvents used commercially, all of which have benefits and drawbacks. In this extraction method, the hemp is exposed to high-pressure, low-temperature CO2 gas, which helps isolate and preserve the cannabinoids in the oil.
The drawbacks include slow extraction time and high production costs, meaning that these products will be on the more expensive end. Ethanol extraction is safe and nontoxic in small amounts. The main drawback is that ethanol-extraction destroys the plant waxes, which some claim have health benefits. Olive oil is safe and cost-effective, and comes with a slew of health benefits from reducing inflammation to boosting immunity.
These solvents do a great job of extracting the cannabinoids from hemp, but some remain after the extraction process and are potentially harmful to your lungs.
Because it takes a significantly larger amount of hemp stalks to produce hemp oil, there is an increased risk of contamination of toxins contained within the plant. This is a result of hemp's strong bio-accumulator properties, where it pulls toxins from the soil it grows in.
Many hemp oils are also known to lack the full spectrum of terpenes and other cannabinoids that are believed to act synergistically with the CBD, meaning that consumers receive less of a benefit. That being said, there are some brands that test rigorously to make sure that the CBD content, as well as the terpenes and other cannabinoids, are up to par.
It's a good sign if they offer to provide a certificate of analysis, which will tell you what kind of compounds are in the hemp oil and in what concentrations. Hemp oil can be found in many different delivery forms.
Hemp oil can be consumed orally, applied topically or sublingually, or smoked via vaporization. Vaporization and sublingual application of hemp oil allows for a fast onset-of-action of the CBD, whereas pills and edible products can take 30 to 90 minutes on average to take effect. Topical hemp oil can be applied directly to areas of pain or inflammation, though it can also be absorbed into the systemic circulation. When talking about the benefits of hemp oil, what we are mostly really referring to are the benefits of the CBD within the hemp oil.
While there is still a need for higher-quality studies regarding the benefits of CBD oil, the available research and clinical evidence are compelling:. The CBD in hemp oil has been used by patients with recalcitrant epilepsy for decades. A recent retrospective study out of Israel showed significant decreases in seizure activity with the use of CBD-enriched medical cannabis.
In this study, 52 percent of patients had a greater than 50 percent reduction in seizure activity. CBD oil has been shown to decrease activity in the limbic part of the human brain, which is responsible for our "fight-or-flight" response. A study in found that CBD oil significantly reduced anxiety and cognitive impairment compared to placebo.
There are some animal studies that show improved markers for pain and inflammation with the use of topical hemp oil. However, most of the current data studying the benefits of cannabinoids for pain show the combination of CBD with THC to be the most effective for pain. A small study on mice in showed that CBD oil prevented the development of social recognition deficit, which is a common occurrence in Alzheimer's disease.
But more research is needed to validate these findings in humans! CBD is also a potent antioxidant, which means it protects your body from free radical damage, and is thought to exhibit anti-depressant, anti-nausea, gut-protective, and immune-system-balancing effects. But again, more research needs to be done in all these areas. Each person has a different genetic and biochemical makeup. This means people will respond to different doses of CBD, so you will have to test to see which doses are best for you.
Start at a lower dose of hemp oil and increase slowly to achieve the desired effect. The following information is accurate as of May 8, , but the laws change frequently. However, state legislators generally approve the use of CBD oil at various concentrations to treat a range of epileptic conditions. A full list of states that have CBD-specific laws is available here. Different states also require different levels of prescription to possess and use CBD oil.
In Missouri, for example, a person can use CBD of a particular composition if they can show that three other treatment options have failed to treat their epilepsy. Anyone considering CBD oil should speak with a local healthcare provider. They can provide information about safe CBD sources and local laws surrounding usage.
This is one of more than 80 active chemicals in marijuana. The new product was approved to treat seizures associated with two rare, severe forms of epilepsy in patients two years of age and older. Many small-scale studies have looked into the safety of CBD in adults. They concluded that adults tend to tolerate a wide range of doses well.
Researchers have found no significant side effects on the central nervous system , the vital signs, or mood, even among people who used high dosages. The most common side effect was tiredness. Also, some people reported diarrhea and changes in appetite or weight. Concerning the product that the FDA approved to treat two types of epilepsy, researchers noticed following adverse effects in clinical trials:.
The patient information leaflet notes that there is a risk of worsening depression or suicidal thoughts. It is important to monitor anyone who is using this drug for signs of mood change.
Research suggests that a person taking the product is unlikely to form a dependency. There is often a lack of evidence regarding the safety of new or alternative treatment options.
Usually, researchers have not performed the full array of tests. Anyone who is considering using CBD should talk to a qualified healthcare practitioner beforehand. When drugs do not have FDA approval, it can be difficult to know whether a product contains a safe or effective level of CBD. Unapproved products may not have the properties or contents stated on the packaging.
It is important to note that researchers have linked marijuana use during pregnancy to impairments in the fetal development of neurons. Regular use among teens is associated with issues concerning memory, behavior, and intelligence. CBD-based products come in many forms. Some can be mixed into different foods or drinks or taken with a pipette or dropper. Others are available in capsules or as a thick paste to be massaged into the skin. Some products are available as sprays to be administered under the tongue.
Recommended dosages vary between individuals, and depend on factors such as body weight, the concentration of the product, and the health issue. Due to the lack of FDA regulation for most CBD products, seek advice from a medical professional before determining the best dosage.
As regulation in the U. After discussing dosages and risks with a doctor, and researching regional local laws, it is important to compare different brands of CBD oil. There is a selection of CBD products available for purchase online.
CBD has been tested and approved for one specific use. Does this mean it is safe and will soon have approval for other uses? The research is emerging to support the use of CBD for numerous conditions, as well as looking closely at safety, side effects, and long-term effects. There are some valid concerns about long-term use that must be tested before CBD can be recommended for other diseases.
As one approach to pain management, it is seen as an alternative option to the addicting narcotics. The use of CBD oil might complement a medical approach to treating physical and mental diseases.
It is worth discussing with your doctor. We picked linked items based on the quality of products, and list the pros and cons of each to help you determine which will work best for you. We partner with some of the companies that sell these products, which means Healthline UK and our partners may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase using a link s above.
Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Fri 27 July All references are available in the References tab. Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for anxiety disorders. Neurotherapeutics, 12 4 , — Long-term cannabidiol treatment prevents the development of social recognition memory deficits in Alzheimer's disease transgenic mice [Abstract].
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 42 4 , 1,—1, Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Epilepsia, 55 6 , — An updated review of the research on the risks and harms associated to the use of marijuana.
Highlights of prescribing information: Early phase in the development of cannabidiol as a treatment for addiction: Opioid relapse takes initial center stage. Experimental cannabidiol treatment reduces early pancreatic inflammation in type 1 diabetes [Abstract]. Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, 64 4 , — Cannabidiol as potential anticancer drug.
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 75 2 , — The legal status of cannabis marijuana and cannabidiol CBD under U. Cannabidiol reduces cigarette consumption in tobacco smokers:
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