While it's true that CBD is legal in all 50 states, there are situations when it isn't legal. While marijuana can contain up to 30% THC, hemp contains no more than Now although CBD usage is for legal in these states, the law varies from state to state, Cannabis · Cbd · Cbd Oils · Marijuana · Cannabidiol. CBD oil is being spotted more and more in health stores around the country, but Hemp producers who sell CBD products will often use the Farm Bill While in all of these states recreational marijuana remains illegal. vape pens, oil extracts, dog treats, and a multitude of other products, to create a As we wrote in June, the rules governing CBD use in the US are from any plant of the genus Cannabis”—which would include CBD. an attorney who focuses on cannabis law in Seattle, Washington, told Quartz in June.
use any is where Marijuana of from illegal States Oil CBD
Stewart McKinney and Newt Gingrich that grew to 84 cosponsors but never received a floor vote. Young ruled in favor of moving cannabis to a Schedule II classification, finding that "Marijuana, in its natural form, is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man. It would be unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious for DEA to continue to stand between those sufferers and the benefits of this substance in light of the evidence in this record.
Court of Appeals upheld the decision to keep cannabis a Schedule I drug. Despite an official policy denying the medical value of cannabis, the federal government began providing the drug to a limited number of patients through the Compassionate Investigational New Drug program in The program was created following a lawsuit filed by Robert Randall , a Washington, D. The Compassionate IND program was closed to new patients in , due to a flood of new applications from AIDS patients and concerns that the program undercut Bush administration efforts to discourage illegal drug use.
Mason , the head of U. Public Health Service , explained that keeping the program in place created the perception that "this stuff can't be so bad", and noted that AIDS patients provided with cannabis would be more likely to engage in unsafe sex. Concurrent with the re-election of President Bill Clinton in , California voters approved Proposition to legalize the medical use of cannabis, and a similar but ultimately ineffective measure was passed in Arizona.
In response, the Clinton administration reiterated its firm opposition to the medical use of cannabis,  and threatened to revoke the prescription-writing abilities of doctors who recommend or prescribe the drug.
McCaffrey , which affirmed the right of physicians to recommend but not prescribe cannabis. Apart from the threatened crackdown on physicians, the administration conducted raids on a number of medical cannabis providers, leading to the filing of civil and criminal charges. Despite previously speaking in support of states' rights on the issue of medical cannabis,  President George W. Bush escalated efforts to enforce federal law during his 8 years in office, with more than raids conducted and 84 individuals prosecuted by his administration.
Walters was particularly active in opposing the medical use of cannabis, campaigning against initiatives in a number of states in what medical cannabis advocates charged was an inappropriate use of taxpayer dollars and a violation of the Hatch Act. The presidency of Barack Obama was noted for a strong federal crackdown on medical cannabis during his first term in office, despite early indications that his administration would take a more hands-off approach.
During his campaign for president, Obama expressed support for allowing states to implement their own medical cannabis policies, stating: Federal enforcement efforts against medical cannabis were further escalated in early , as a campaign of coercing state and local governments was initiated by the Justice Department.
Attorneys to a number of state and city officials, threatening to criminally prosecute these individuals if the implementation of new medical cannabis laws moved forward. Cole in June Attorneys sent out hundreds more letters over the next two years, threatening landlords with criminal prosecution and seizure of property for renting to medical cannabis providers. Early in President Obama's second term, in August , the Justice Department issued a new Cole memo setting forth the conditions under which federal law would be enforced.
The memo was prompted in particular by the recent legalization of non-medical cannabis in Washington and Colorado, but also addressed enforcement in medical cannabis states. On December 16, , a landmark victory was achieved for medical cannabis at the federal level with the signing into law of the Rohrabacher—Farr amendment.
Initially introduced by Rep. Maurice Hinchey in , the amendment prohibits the Justice Department from spending funds to interfere with the implementation of state medical cannabis laws. Although the Rohrabacher—Farr amendment offers important protections for state-legal medical cannabis activities, it does not change the legal status of cannabis, and must be renewed each fiscal year in order to remain in effect.
District Judge Charles Breyer ruled against the Justice Department in October , however, stating that the DOJ interpretation "defies language and logic" and "tortures the plain meaning of the statute", and was "counterintuitive and opportunistic".
Due to increasing public awareness of the medical benefits of cannabis, and in anticipation of forthcoming changes to federal policy, a number of states passed laws in the late s and early s addressing the medical use of cannabis. Only seven states ended up implementing the programs, however,  due to the large bureaucratic and regulatory obstacles imposed by the federal government.
These laws were largely ineffectual though, due to the continued prohibition of medical cannabis at the federal level. Medical cannabis advocates began to gain ground in the early s with a series of legislative achievements in the state of California.
Following the lead of San Francisco and other cities in California, state lawmakers passed Senate Joint Resolution 8 in , a non-binding measure calling on the federal government to enact legislation allowing physicians to prescribe cannabis. Frustrated by vetoes of medical cannabis bills in successive years, medical cannabis advocates in California took the issue directly to the voters, collecting , signatures for qualification of a statewide ballot initiative in In , medical cannabis initiatives were voted on in the states of Washington , Oregon , Alaska , and Nevada — all of which passed.
Bob Barr and approved by Congress prevented its implementation for over a decade. District Judge Richard W. Roberts agreed, overturning the Barr amendment. Barr then introduced a similar amendment which became law in November , setting off a long legal battle  until finally in December the Barr amendment was removed from the annual D.
Following the approval of several ballot measures in , Maine voters passed a medical cannabis initiative in that was expanded by both state legislature and another ballot initiative in subsequent years. Virgin Islands — legislature  have also legalized the medical use of cannabis.
In addition to states that have passed comprehensive medical cannabis laws, a number of states have passed more restrictive laws that limit the allowable concentration of tetrahydrocannabinol THC , the main psychoactive component of cannabis. The purpose of these laws is to allow for the use of cannabidiol CBD , a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that has been shown to be effective in the treatment of seizure disorders, particularly in children.
Currently, all but three states explicitly allow the legal use of CBD in some form, whether through doctor's recommendation,  doctor's prescription Epidiolex ,  or without the need for either. As a Schedule I drug in the U. In addition to FDA approval and DEA registration, other requirements have been imposed for cannabis research that do not exist for any other drug, which has had a significant effect in limiting the amount of research conducted.
One such requirement was established in when it was mandated that all proposed research be submitted to the U.
Public Health Service for approval. Clinical research on cannabis also requires approval from the National Institute on Drug Abuse , a circumstance which has had an additional effect in impeding medical cannabis research. Since the agency's inception in , NIDA has been the sole provider of cannabis for research purposes in the U.
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs that was ratified in State Department ,  and the DEA's interpretation is not consistent with the fact that multiple licenses have been issued for the production of other Schedule I drugs.
Professor Craker's endeavor to obtain a license began in June , when he submitted an application to the DEA, which, later in , the DEA claimed to have lost. John Kerry and Ted Kennedy in April On August 11, , the DEA announced intention to issue additional licenses for the cultivation of research-grade cannabis, which would end the decades-long monopoly held by NIDA and the University of Mississippi.
Americans for Safe Access is the leading advocacy group in the U. Founded in by medical cannabis patient Steph Sherer, it has grown to over , members in 50 states. Religious denominations in the U. American Legion , the nation's largest military veterans organization, passed a resolution at their September annual convention calling on Congress to remove cannabis from the list of Schedule I drugs.
Conference of Mayors  have all called for cannabis to be removed from the list of Schedule I drugs. The National Association of Counties has called on Congress to "enact legislation that promotes the principles of federalism and local control of cannabis businesses Delegates at the Democratic National Convention voted to approve a party platform calling for cannabis to be removed from the list of Schedule I drugs.
Former talk show host Montel Williams is a well-known advocate who uses cannabis to treat his multiple sclerosis , a topic he has testified about in a number of states considering medical cannabis legislation. Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders has also testified in support of medical cannabis legislation in several states.
Rohrabacher R—CA has been particularly active in congressional reform efforts, introducing multiple medical cannabis bills including the Rohrabacher—Farr amendment for a number of years until it became law in Eugene Monroe , Derrick Morgan , Kyle Turley , and Jim McMahon are among a group of NFL players that have advocated for allowing the use of cannabis in the league, as a treatment option for concussions and a pain reliever that can reduce reliance on addictive opioid drugs.
Sanjay Gupta , neurosurgeon and chief medical correspondent for CNN , has produced a four-part documentary series for the network — titled Weed — arguing in favor of the medical benefits of cannabis. However, the AAP also supports rescheduling of cannabis for the purpose of facilitating research. Bob Barr was a particularly ardent opponent of medical cannabis in Congress, introducing the "Barr amendment" which blocked implementation of a Washington, D.
The American Medical Association  and American College of Physicians  do not take a position on the legalization of medical cannabis, but have called for the Schedule I classification to be reviewed. The American Academy of Family Physicians similarly does not take a position, but does support rescheduling in order to facilitate research. There are currently four cannabinoid drugs Marinol, Syndros, Cesamet, and Epidiolex available for prescription use in the United States.
Non-Epidiolex CBD is also available for purchase from many online retailers, though the legality of these products is disputed. Dronabinol is synthetically manufactured THC. Marinol is a sesame oil suspension of dronabinol encapsulated in a gelatin shell.
Syndros is a liquid oral formulation of dronabinol approved for treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting as well as AIDS-related weight loss. Nabilone is a synthetic cannabinoid similar in molecular structure to THC. Cesamet received FDA approval in for treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Cannabidiol CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is extracted from the cannabis plant.
It has been approved by the FDA as the drug Epidiolex. Epidiolex is a liquid oral formulation of cannabidiol approved for the treatment of Dravet syndrome and Lennox—Gastaut syndrome. In addition to its use for treatment of seizure disorders, cannabidiol is used by some individuals under the belief that it possesses a number of other medical properties — but these claims have yet to be thoroughly studied and proven.
A study found significant drops in violent crime in states that have legalized medical cannabis. A study found that legalizing medical cannabis in some states made residents of neighboring states increasingly tolerant toward cannabis regulation.
Several studies have found decreased rates of opioid use and abuse in states that have legalized medical cannabis. Several studies have found no increase in teen use in states that have legalized cannabis for medical purposes.
Below is a comparison of medical conditions for which doctors can recommend cannabis in each state. The table does not include all approved conditions and could contain out-of-date information. Data additionally obtained from Leafly  and ProCon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Medical cannabis and Cannabis in the United States.
No doctor's recommendation required. National Conference of State Legislatures. Retrieved July 3, Retrieved April 29, Retrieved February 7, Retrieved November 19, The Science Beyond the Controversy. Journal of Public Health Policy. Retrieved May 16, Retrieved May 4, Retrieved April 15, Retrieved July 20, International Journal of Drug Policy. Retrieved May 2, Meet the Longest-Surviving U. Retrieved May 17, Retrieved April 22, Retrieved August 19, Threatens Penalties if Doctors Prescribe Pot".
Retrieved May 7, Retrieved February 19, Marijuana Laws Up to States". Retrieved November 24, Americans for Safe Access. Question 2 page Measure 5 Final details pending. Oregon Medical Marijuana Act Effective July 1, Initiative SB Initiative WAC Marijuana rules: Patient treatment information and outcomes will be collected and used for intractable childhood epilepsy research. Yes, 5 registered nurseries across the state by region, which have been in business at least 30 years in Florida.
Yes, cancer, medical condition or seizure disorders that chronically produces symptoms that can be alleviated by low-THC products. Is composed of no more than three-tenths percent 0. Exempt cannabidiol from the definition of marijuana and allows it to be administerd by a public university or school of medicine in Kentucky for clinical trial or expanded access program approved by the FDA.
Universities in Kentucky with medical schools that are able to get a research trial. Doesn't allow for in-state production of CBD product. HB "Harper Grace's Law" University research studies with a hemp extract registration card from the state DHHS or obtained from another jurisdiction that allows removal of the products from the state. Contains no other psychoactive substance. NEW comprehensive medical program approved in and listed above.
No in-state production allowed, so products would have to be brought in. Any formal distribution system would require federal approval. Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Dravet Syndrome, also known as severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy, or any other form of refractory epilepsy that is not adequately treated by traditional medical therapies.
Cannabidiol or derivative of marijuana that contains 0. Only products produced by Tennessee Tech University. Allows for legal defense for having the product as long as it was obtained legally in the US or other medical marijuana state.
Yes, intractable epilepsy that hasn't responded to three or more treatment options suggested by neurologist. AB Act Physicians and pharmacies with an investigational drug permit by the FDA could dispense cannabidiol.
Qualified patients would also be allowed to access CBD from an out-of-state medical marijuana dispensary that allows for out-of-state patients to use their dispensaries as well as remove the products from the state. HB 32 Supervised medical use of hemp extracts. We are the nation's most respected bipartisan organization providing states support, ideas, connections and a strong voice on Capitol Hill. Copyright by National Conference of State Legislatures.
Yes, with a note from their home state, but they cannot purchase through dispensaries. Ingested doses may not contain more than 10 mg of THC, product may not be combusted smoked. Does NOT provide for legal production or sales. Allows adults 21 years or older to possess up to one ounce of marijuana. Selling marijuana in Vermont remains illegal. Allows adults to grow two mature plants.
Public consumption of marijuana is also not allowed.
Medical cannabis in the United States
The list of states approving medical or recreational use of marijuana and Marijuana, Hemp, CBD Oil: What's Legal and Where 8, -- As the legalized cannabis industry in the United States grows with nearly every election, . and CBD products derived from marijuana in almost any form to be illegal. CBD oil, also known as Cannabidiol, is a compound found within cannabis, has In these states, you are free to use CBD oil for any purpose without requiring a . You most likely know that cannabis is an illegal substance at the federal it s still Federally illegal to transport cannabis in any form across state lines. But, it s actually not all that easy to use hemp to create CBD oil, even.