Does cannabis lower blood pressure? Learn about the effects of cannabinoids on blood pressure, and find out if it can be used as a. 6 days ago The scientific debate has been going on for years whether marijuana has an effect on the cardiovascular system. Marijuana CBD and blood. The first is that if you do use marijuana, it may increase your appetite and lead you to make poor dietary choices, so in this way, it could indirectly affect blood.
High Its Cannabis on Blood Impact Pressure and
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To account for that we averaged blood pressure levels on up to four readings. There was no data on the frequency of cannabis use beyond the 30 days prior to the interview and hence it is difficult to distinguish whether the association of cannabis use and blood pressure is of a short term or of a chronic nature.
Despite limitations such as these, the study findings are of interest because of the NHANES standardized data collection approaches, and the ability to adjust for potential confounders. The current study included a relatively larger nationally representative multiethnic sample of US adults which may enable us to detect differences.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death both globally and in the US [ 19 ]. Previous studies have linked cannabis use to myocardial infarction, angina, and stroke [ 20 — 22 ]. However, the association between cannabis use and cardiovascular disease is not always consistent [ 6 ]. Although both systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels correlate significantly with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, recent studies have suggested that systolic blood pressure is more strongly correlated than diastolic blood pressure [ 23 , 24 ].
The results of this study indicate a modest association between recently active cannabis use and increased systolic blood pressure which is consistent with pre-clinical studies indicating an acute increase in blood pressure after cannabis use [ 1 ].
The current study cannot elucidate if cannabis use is associated with chronic elevation in blood pressure. We did not detect an association between cannabis use and hypertension. There is a possibility that cannabis users who were diagnosed with hypertension were advised to stop cannabis use.
However, lifetime history of cannabis use was not associated with hypertension in the current study. The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs is associated with increase in blood pressure [ 25 ]. In a sensitively analysis excluding those who reported NSAIDs use in the past 30 days, our results did not change.
We detected a modest association between recent cannabis use and increased pulse pressure. Increased pulse pressure may be a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease [ 26 ]. A strong association between increased systolic blood pressure, increased pulse pressure, increased arterial stiffness and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease was detected [ 27 ].
Aging is a major risk factor for arterial stiffness and increased pulse pressure [ 23 ]. The study participants are young and middle aged adults. We statistically controlled for age and age polynomials to account for any non-linear association with age. Although we detected a positive statistical association between recently active cannabis use and systolic blood pressure, the clinical significance of our findings is not.
For each day of cannabis use, there is a 0. This implies that the systolic blood pressure increase among those who have used cannabis every day in the 30 days prior to the interview is only 3 mmHg. The pitfall could be that the difference may be too small to adopt cannabis-blood pressure policy in clinical practice.
In conclusion, future cannabis-CVD studies, both population-based and pre-clinical, are needed especially with the social trend in the direction of relaxed law enforcement approaches when cannabis is used for medical and recreational use.
The content is the sole responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Center for Complementary and Integrated Health, or the National Institutes of Health.
There is no conflict of interest to disclose. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Author manuscript; available in PMC Aug 1. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at J Hypertens. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Objective Pre-clinical studies have reported acute cardiovascular effects of cannabis including a dose-dependent increase in blood pressure while orthostatic hypotension may follow as a result of decreased vascular resistance.
Methods Computer-assisted self-interviews assessed cannabis use. Conclusion A modest association between recent cannabis use and systolic blood pressure was detected among a relatively large nationally representative sample of US adults. Main exposure Cannabis use was assessed via standardized self-report items during an audio computer-assisted self-interview. Outcome of interest After resting quietly in a sitting position for 5 minutes and determining the maximum inflation level, three and sometimes 4 blood pressure measurements mmHg are taken.
Statistical analysis Our first step involves assessing the distributions of the variables of interest and examining outliers. RESULTS Compared to never users, recently active cannabis users were younger, and more likely to be males, non-Hispanic Whites with income below the federal poverty threshold.
Open in a separate window. Acknowledgments Source of Funding: Footnotes Conflicts of Interest: Cardiovascular consequences of marijuana use. Jouanjus E, et al. J Am Heart Assoc. Hartung B, et al. Sudden unexpected death under acute influence of cannabis. The Journal of Emergency Medicine. Bailly C, et al. Cannabis induced acute coronary syndrome in a young female.
International Journal of Cardiology. Barber PA, et al. Muniyappa R, et al. Metabolic effects of chronic cannabis smoking. Rodondi N, et al. American Journal of Medicine, The. Alshaarawy O, Anthony JC. Cannabis smoking and serum C-reactive protein: Cannabis Smoking and Diabetes Mellitus: Racine C, et al. J Dis Glob Health. Rajavashisth TB, et al. Decreased prevalence of diabetes in marijuana users: Obesity and Cannabis Use: Results From 2 Representative National Surveys.
American Journal of Epidemiology. Franklin SS, et al. The Framingham Heart Study.
Effects of Marijuana on Blood Pressure and Hypertension
Blood pressure was determined by an average of up to four measurements taken research on the cardiovascular effects of cannabis use. and/or diastolic blood pressure 80–89 mmHg), high pulse pressure (defined as. Cannabinoids exert different effects on blood pressure depending on in France related to cannabis increased by 25%.2 The United States. Have you ever wondered why cannabis makes your eyes red and heart chronic condition that tackles the increase of arterial blood pressure.